What is Manifest?
Manifest is a customs declaration or document that lists all the information about goods, passengers, and the operator of a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle so that customs and other authorities can be aware of it.
Why Do Shipping Companies and Freight Forwarders Need to Declare Manifest?
After you book a ship, you must send the bill details to the shipping company to make the bill (master bill) or the freight forwarder to make the house bill. After the goods arrive, the shipping company will receive a notice of arrival and is responsible for declaring to customs that the goods I am carrying are what kind of goods, how many quantities, etc., according to the information you sent to the shipping company when you sent the bill details.
Therefore, the shipping company’s declaration of goods information with customs is called declaring manifest. After receiving the arrival notice, the consignee will hold the D/O to the customs to pick up the goods. If the information on the D/O matches the information on the manifest, HQ will deliver the goods to you. When you are in the position of a documentation officer, the manifest declaration business is very important.
In summary, the significance of declaring manifest is as follows:
- To provide customs and other authorities with information about goods, passengers, and the operator of a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle.
- To ensure that goods are transported legally and in accordance with regulations.
- To facilitate the clearance of goods through customs.
The process of declaring manifest is as follows:
- The shipping company or freight forwarder receives the bill details from the shipper.
- The shipping company or freight forwarder completes the manifest declaration form.
- The shipping company or freight forwarder submits the manifest declaration form to customs.
- Customs reviews the manifest declaration form and approves it.
The information that needs to be declared in the manifest includes:
- The name of the shipping company or freight forwarder.
- The name of the vessel.
- The port of departure.
- The port of destination.
- The date of departure.
- The date of arrival.
- The type of goods.
- The quantity of goods.
- The value of the goods.
- The consignee’s name and address.
The shipping company or freight forwarder is responsible for the accuracy of the information declared in the manifest. If the information is incorrect, the shipping company or freight forwarder may be subject to fines or other penalties.